The Main Types of Parenting

The Main Types of Parenting

Your parenting style has a variety of effects beyond your little one. Parents should be mindful that their parenting style influences a child for the rest of her life. Below are the main types of parenting.

Researchers Have Identified Four Parenting Styles

  • Authoritarian
  • Permissive
  • Uninvolved
  • Authoritative


Different Parenting Qualities

Scientific research has identified a number of different parenting styles, each with its qualities.

Authoritarian Parenting

Have you ever noticed that any of these statements sound like you?

  • Parents believe that kids should be seen and not heard.
  • You believe it’s “my way or the highway.”
  • Someone who doesn’t take your child’s feelings into consideration

If you identify with any of these parenting styles, you may be an authoritarian parent. Authoritarian parents believe that kids should always follow the rules and cannot break them.

Authoritarian parents are famous for giving a simple answer to a child when they question the reasons behind a rule. They care little about negotiation, and their priority is obedience.

Instead of solving problems with their children, parents are forced to enforce consequences instead.

Sometimes parents employ punishments to discipline their children instead of teaching them how to make better choices.

Effects on Children

Children of authoritarian parents tend to follow rules most of the time. Despite their obedience, this parenting style does come with a cost.

Children raised in an authoritarian home are at a higher risk for developing low self-esteem due to their voicelessness and lack of importance typically placed on them.

The kids can grow to become resentful and hostile. Authoritarian parents are often strict, which leads their children to lie to dodge getting in trouble.

Authoritative Parenting

How many of these statements do you agree with?

  • It can be hard to watch your child’s mood turn sour when you need them to help out.
  • You need to enforce rules but factor in how your child might feel.
  • You will use your words more to resolve conflict.

If these statements sound familiar, you may be an authoritative parent. Authoritative parents have rules, and they provide consequences to enforce them, but they also consider their children’s opinions. They validate their children’s feelings while making it clear that adults are ultimately in charge.

Parents who enforce their authority and use positive techniques to influence children’s behavior positively will know what various types of rewards they can offer.

Effects on Children

Researchers have found children with authoritative parents are most likely to grow into responsible adults who feel comfortable speaking their minds.

Children raised using authoritative discipline are strong, confident, and secure.

Permissive Parenting

Statements below refer to you?

  • Someone who sets boundaries, but rarely enforce them.
  • You seldom give out consequences.
  • Parents want to minimize your involvement so that your child doesn’t become dependent on you.

If these statements ring true, you’re probably a permissive parent. Permissive parents are lenient with their children and only step in when there’s an issue of serious-level severity.

They tend to forgive the little things, and they are not strict with consequences. Sometimes they will give privileges back if a child pleads or allow a child out of time-out early if he promises to be good in the future.

Permissive parents often take on a more social role, making them seem like friends to their children rather than parental figures. They might encourage the children to confide and talk about their problems but may not disapprove of bad decisions or unsportsmanlike behavior.

Effects on Children

Study children typically struggle more in academics as a result of having permissive parents.

They may act out more in school, and they often have lower self-esteem.

Parents without boundaries and rules for their children are more likely to experience health problems like obesity. Children are also at a higher risk for poor oral hygiene due to a lack of parent-enforced habits like brushing teeth.

Uninvolved Parenting

Any of the following statements sound like you?

  • You don’t ask your child about their schoolwork.
  • There are few assurances that you know your children’s whereabouts.
  • You don’t spend time with your child.

If the above statements ring true, you may be an uninvolved parent. Uninvolved parents generally lack knowledge of what their children are doing and provide little guidance. They may also allow their youngsters to do pretty much whatever they want with few rules in place. There is often a general sense of neglect when these types of parents show up at events.

Parents who are demonstratively uninvolved and disengaged with their children typically expect the kids to raise themselves. They devote very little time to meeting essential needs or acting neglectfully, which may not always be intentional.

Sometimes, parents don’t have the time, knowledge, or energy for their child’s development. Sometimes they’re dealing with other problems like working long hours and paying bills on a fixed income.

Parental Involvement Is Critical to Building Children’s Self-Esteem

Children who face difficult social, academic, or economic circumstances perform worse in school and are not as happy.

We hope that you have found this article insightful and educational. If it has, we would love to hear from you in the comments below!

By Rosa Norris

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